How to Remove Calculus from Teeth

How to Remove Calculus from Teeth

Understanding how to effectively remove calculus, or tartar, from your teeth is crucial for maintaining good oral health. Here’s a detailed guide on what calculus is, why it’s harmful, and how you can ensure its removal:

What is Calculus?

Calculus, also known as tartar, is a hardened form of plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—that adheres to teeth and gum lines. Unlike plaque, which can be removed with regular brushing and flossing, calculus requires professional dental tools for removal. It appears as a hard, yellowish deposit and can lead to serious oral health problems if left untreated.

Why is Calculus Harmful?

Calculus poses several risks to oral health:

  • Gum Disease: It irritates and inflames the gums, leading to gingivitis or more severe periodontitis.
  • Tooth Decay: Bacteria in calculus produce acids that can erode tooth enamel, leading to cavities.
  • Bad Breath: Bacteria trapped in calculus can contribute to persistent bad breath.
  • Aesthetic Issues: The yellowish appearance of calculus can affect the appearance of your smile, making teeth look stained and unhealthy.

How to Remove Calculus from Teeth?

Professional Dental Cleaning

Scaling is the most effective method for removing calculus. During a professional teeth cleaning, a dental hygienist performs the following steps:

  1. Examination: The Dentist Sydney CBD assesses your mouth for signs of gum disease and the extent of calculus buildup.
  2. Scaling: Using specialised tools like a scaler or ultrasonic device, the hygienist carefully removes calculus from both the teeth and below the gum line.
  3. Polishing: After scaling, the teeth are polished to remove surface stains and smooth the tooth surfaces.
  4. Fluoride Treatment: In some cases, a fluoride treatment is applied to strengthen the enamel and protect against cavities.

Personal Care and Prevention

While you cannot remove hardened calculus at home, you can take steps to prevent its formation and maintain a clean mouth:

  • Brush Regularly and Properly:
    • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
    • Brush at least twice a day for a minimum of two minutes each session.
    • Consider using an electric toothbrush for more effective cleaning.
  • Floss Daily:
    • Floss at least once a day to remove plaque between teeth and below the gum line.
  • Use Antiseptic Mouthwash:
    • Rinse with mouthwash to kill bacteria and reduce plaque buildup.
  • Consider Tartar-Control Toothpaste:
    • Toothpastes containing ingredients like pyrophosphates help prevent tartar formation.

Read More: Pain-Free Root Canals: Tech Advances in Dentistry
Read More: How to Remove Plaque from Teeth

FAQs About Calculus Removal

  1. Can I remove calculus myself at home?
    • No, once calculus has formed, it cannot be removed effectively with regular brushing and flossing. Professional cleaning is necessary.
  2. How often should I get my teeth cleaned by a dentist?
    • It’s generally recommended to get a professional cleaning every six months. However, individuals prone to plaque and tartar buildup may require more frequent visits.
  3. Does removing calculus hurt?
    • Scaling can cause mild discomfort, especially for those with sensitive gums. Dentists often use local anaesthesia or numbing agents to minimise any discomfort.
  4. What happens if I don’t remove calculus?
    • Untreated calculus can lead to serious dental issues such as gum disease, tooth decay, and eventually tooth loss. Prompt treatment is crucial to prevent these complications.


Maintaining a smile free of calculus requires a combination of professional dental care and diligent at-home oral hygiene practices. Regular dental visits, coupled with proper brushing, flossing, and the use of tartar-control products, are essential for preventing calculus buildup and preserving oral health. Protect your smile by prioritising these habits and seeking professional care as needed. Your dental health impacts your overall well-being, so invest in it wisely for a brighter, healthier smile.

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